Wednesday, March 31, 2010

Research University

A university is an institution of higher education and research, which grants academic degrees in a variety of subjects. A university is a corporation that provides both undergraduate education and postgraduate education. The word university is derived from the Latin universitas magistrorum et scholarium, roughly meaning "community of teachers and scholars."
An important idea in the definition of a university is the notion of academic freedom.

Monday, March 29, 2010

Kepentingan Organisasi

Organisasi penting untuk membawa masyarakat kepada satu tujuan dan matlamat. Dalam sesuatu organisasi ringkasnya mempunyai tiga lapisan masyarakat; pengurusan, pelaksanaan dan sokongan. Semua lapisan berfungsi dari segi dasar, halatuju, strategi, perancangan, tindakan, perlaksanaan, kreativiti dan sokongan. Dalam proses menghala ke hadapan semua ahli mesti sentiasa meningkatkan ilmu, keahlian/kemahiran, jelas haluan dan mampu mensintisis maklumat dan perlakuan. Ada peringkat perbahasan dan perbincangan, ada peringkat percubaan, ubahsuai atau kreativiti serta integreti dan ada peringkat yang hanya setia mengikut dan melaksanakan. Ringkasnya bagi menjayakan matlamat organisasi semua ahli mesti faham kedududukan dan peranan masing-masing dari masa ke semasa.

Begitu juga dalam usaha menangani isu-isu pencemaran dan konservasi biodiversiti negara. Polisi, perlaksanaan dan tindakan serta amalan masyarakat sangat penting.

Sunday, March 28, 2010

What makes america and japan the leading countries in today's economy?

because japan is a peaceful high technology and brilliant smart people there and they make very quality things and the workers enjoy it too.

Take action for Earth Hour

It's Earth Hour, and it happens for the fourth time on Saturday, March 27, 2010, starting at 8:30 p.m. local time. Just turn off the lights, and you're in.

Landmarks like the Great Pyramids of Giza, the Empire State Building in New York, St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican, the Eiffel Tower in Paris, Sydney's Opera House, and the Acropolis and Parthenon in Athens will go dark for one hour.

New monuments turning off the lights this time include Mount Rushmore in South Dakota, the Forbidden City in Beijing, the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin, Toronto's CN Tower, the Burj Khalifa (world's tallest building) in Dubai, and the Bosphorus Bridge that links Asia to Europe in Turkey

Countries like the Czech Republic, Madagascar, Nepal, Panama, Saudi, Arabia, Lithuania, and the Cook Islands will participate in the light's out demonstration for their first time in 2010. They're joining Earth Hour originator Australia and past participants such as Brazil, Hong Kong, Egypt, Great Britain, Switzerland, and Japan.

So use this hour in the dark to plan what you're really going to do to help the planet. There are lots of things that take less than one hour but add up to a lot of conservation.

For example, you could start doing any of these things:

Turn off lights when you leave a room for 15 minutes or longer.
Drink tap water instead of bottled water.
Put your computer in power-save mode.
Turn off video game consoles when not in use.
Seal air leaks, adjust your water heater, and control your thermostat to lower energy usage and waste.
Go meatless on Mondays.
Watch out for energy vampires around the house and unplug the biggies.
Swap out all your light bulbs for CFLs.
Stop catalogs and junk mail from piling up in your mailbox.
Reduce the brightness of your TV set to the "home" mode.
Use up leftovers, compost, and avoid wasting food.
Find out how walkable your hometown is and try walking to your weekend errands.
Fix a leaky faucet or toilet.
Use the low-water and low-heat settings on your dishwasher, and don't pre-rinse dishes.
Hang your clothes to dry on a clothesline in spring and summer.
Take public transit to work or school.
Install dimmer switches on your lights and plug appliances into smart power switches.
Get more ideas for living green, saving energy, saving water, conserving limited resources, and saving money at the same time.

Earth Hour is only 60 minutes. It's a start, maybe a wake-up call for some when they see landmarks and cities go dark. What we do the rest of the day and the rest of the year is what counts in the long run.

Underwater art new creativity for conservation

Anuar Abdullah: under water arts source of income and pleasure. Underwater drawings can convey the message more effectively for conservation (thestar27March10). Every body must have their own way to conserve corals and nature. So that later we do not talk a lot on climate change, global warming and biodiversity lost. We just talk about life and confort.

Unfortunately no picture to compare with!

May be Malaysia have enough experience in rubber plantations. Cutting forest, poverty and opportunity, number one rubber producer (including condoms and gloves), land erosion, pollution, creating millionaires,furniture etc. After all, whats next? technology, creating nature, rehabilitation and conservation? What ever it is, More Education, Understanding and Commitment are Needed at All Levels.

Friday, March 26, 2010

Environmental Education

Environmental Education is an effective activities to educate public on environment, nature and sustainable development.
But we need a good and skill facilitators.
Malayan Nature Society need a qualified candidate for their environmental education programme. Graduates in biology and good in english can try to apply.

Tuesday, March 23, 2010

Some facts and figures on water related issues and recommendations

Some Facts and Figures

* At least 1.8 million children under five years-old die every year from water related disease, which is one child every 20 seconds.

* It is estimated that close to 90 per cent of diarrhoea cases, killing some 2.2 million people every year, is caused by unsafe drinking water and poor hygiene.

* Over 50 per cent of malnutrition cases globally are associated with diarrhoea or intestinal worm infections. Diarrhoeal diseases come second after respiratory infections in terms of labour productivity lost due to illness.

* Over half the world's hospitals beds are occupied with people suffering from illnesses linked with contaminated water.

* Almost 900 million people currently lack access to safe drinking water, and an estimated 2.6 billion people lack access to basic sanitation. South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa have the highest proportion, with around 221 million and 330 million respectively living without basic sanitation.

* 90 per cent of the wastewater in developing countries discharged daily is untreated. 80% of all marine pollution is land based - most of it wastewater, damaging coral reefs and fishing grounds

* Each day each one of us uses - and discards - some 150-600 litres of water: 60-150 litres per person per day in developing countries to 500-800 litre per person per day in the industrialized world

* People in the industrialized world generate 5 times more wastewater per person than in developing countries - but treat over 90% of the wastewater compared to only a few percent in developing countries

* Improved wastewater management has resulted in significant environmental improvements in many European rivers, but dead zones in the oceans are still spreading worldwide

* Agriculture accounts for some 70-90% of all water consumed, mainly for irrigation. But large amounts also return to rivers in terms of run-off - near half of all organic matter in wastewater comes from agriculture

* Industrial wastes, pesticides from agriculture and tailings from mining also create serious health risks and threats to water resources, costing billions of dollars to monitor, much more to clean.

* Use of bottled water is increasing, but it takes 3 litres of water to produce one litre of bottled water - and in the USA alone an additional 17 million barrels of oil.

* Worldwide 200 000 million litres of water are produced every year, creating also an enormous waste problem from spent plastic bottles.


* 20 million tons of phosphate is mined to fertilize crops, and there are concerns that natural phosphate may become scarcer over the coming decades.

* Nearly half of the agricultural phosphate applied is washed away and ends up rivers and oceans where it plays a part in triggering algae blooms that in turn damage ecosystems and fish stocks

* The area of dead zones - locations of reduced or absent oxygen levels - has now grown to cover 245,000 km2 of the marine environment including in North America; the Caribbean, Europe and Asia.

* Wastewater also generates methane, a climate gas 21 times more powerful than C02. It is also generating nitrous oxide which is 310 times more powerful than C02.

* It is estimated that wastewater-linked emissions of methane and nitrous oxide will rise by 25 per cent and 50 per cent respectively in just a decade.

* Climate change may aggravate the problem with droughts concentrating wastewater pollution in rivers and lakes and increased flooding overwhelming ageing sewage infrastructure in cities and towns.


# Countries should adopt a multisectoral approach, including ecosystem management, to cope with rising wastewater production

# Countries must establish national plans from water source to ocean and create national to local strategies. Over 70% of the water is consumed by agriculture for irrigation.

# Financing and investment are urgently needed and must address design, ecosystem restoration, construction, operation and maintenance of waste water infrastructure. Public management of the water supply and wastewater management have provided best results for broad public benefit, with private sector mainly beneficial in improving operation and maintenance

# Communities and nations should plan for increasing incidents of extreme weather and rising urbanization in the future.

# For effective waste water management, social, cultural, environmental and economical aspects must be carefully considered

# Education has a crucial role to play in water and wastewater management, helping to ensure water, nutrients and future opportunities for employment and development are not wasted.

Hari Air Sedunia

Tema-tema Hari Air Sedunia sebelum ini ialah:
1994: Menjaga Sumber Air Tanggungjawab Semua
1995: Wanita dan Air
1996: Air Untuk Kota Yang Haus
1997: Air Dunia: Adakah Ia Mencukupi
1998: Air Tanah: Sumber Yang Tidak Kelihatan
1999: Tinggal Di Bawah Arus
2000: Air Untuk Abad Ke-21
2001: Air dan Kesihatan
2002: Air Untuk Pembangunan
2003: Air Untuk Masa Depan
2004: Air dan Bencana
2005: Air Untuk Hidup
2006: Air dan Budaya
2007: Menangani Kekurangan Air
2008: Sanitasi
2009: Perkongsian Air, Perkongsian Peluang
2010: Air Bersih Untuk Kesihatan Sejagat

Marilah kita bersama-sama berfikir menguruskan air untuk kegunaan sekarang dan masa hadapan. Faham sumber air, kegunaan air, penggunaan air dan teknologi berkaitan air.
Kefahaman ini penting untuk kesejahteraan kehidupan besama pembangunan.

The World Water Day 2010 and its campaign is envisaged to:

* Raise awareness about sustaining healthy ecosystems and human well-being through addressing the increasing water quality challenges in water management and

* Raise the profile of water quality by encouraging governments, organizations, communities, and individuals around the world to actively engage in proactively addressing water quality e.g. in pollution prevention, clean up and restoration.

Wednesday, March 17, 2010

Leader or Manager?

30 Januari 2010 dulu saya telah mengemukakan satu pandangan tentang “leadership types and quality”. Hari ini mungkin kita boleh berfikir sedikit dan menelaah semula kepemimpinan kita dan apakah kita sekarang seorang pemimpin atau seorang pengurus atau kedua-duanya. Marilah kita fikirkan bersama-sama.

Ada orang berkata “Leadership is about setting and not just reacting to agendas, identifying problems, and initiating change that makes for substantial improvement rather than managing change”.

Manakala ada orang mendefinasikan “A Manager is the person responsible for planning and directing the work of a group of individuals, monitoring their work, and taking corrective action when necessary. For many people, this is their first step into a management career.”

Di mana kita sekarang? Rujuklah lagi definasi dan ciri-ciri seorang pemimpin dan pengurus yang baik.

Berikut adalah kualiti pemimpin yang pernah saya senaraikan dahulu

Here are top ten leadership qualities:
1. Integrity.
2. Honest.
3. Dedication.
4. Giving credit where it is due.
5. A humble leader.
6. Openness.
7. Creativity.
8. Fairness means.
9. Assertiveness (is not the same as aggressiveness).
10. A sense of humor.

Look at us. Are we message delivery or leading to discovery? ramai juga bertanya “how can I become a better manger?. The question is a simple one but it has a complex answers."

Walau apapun sifat, kualiti dan ciri-ciri yang kita ada perkara asas untuk menjadi seorang pemimpin yang baik adalah kesihatan, inteligen, kuatkerja dan matlamat yang jelas.

Tuesday, March 16, 2010

Universiti Putra Malaysia Sign MoU Dengan Jepun Lagi!!!

Hari ini UPM sekali lagi akan menandatangani MoU dengan Kagoshima University, Japan. Penekanan kali ini adalah dalam bidang "marine science and sustainable agriculture". Kita lihat perkembangan seterusnya petang nanti.

Sebelum itu kita dengar satu cerita tentang lembu impot. Dalam usaha kerajaan Malaysia menggalakkan industri penternakan negara, kerajaan telah mengimpot lembu-lembu dari luar negara misalnya dari India dan Australia. Ada lembu yang dalam perjalanan simpan rumput yang dimakan dari negara asal dalam perut dan ada lembu yang tidak ada lagi sisa rumput dalam perutnya. Tiba di Malaysia bernasib baik jika tahi lembu yang masih ada benih rumput tumbuh untuk menjadi makanan semasa di Malaysia. Bagi lembu yang tahinya tidak ada benih rumput maka kenalah beradaptasi makan rumput Malaysia bagi meneruskan hidup atau makan saja dedak yang diberikan penternak. Itu pun bergantung kepada penternak. Ada juga lembu-lembu yang terpaksa berkongsi makan rumput dengan lembu bernasib baik membawa benih rumput dari negara asal. Misalnya lembu dari India makan rumput yang tumbuh dari tahi lembu Australia atau sebaliknya. Ada lembu yang bernasib baik kalau sudah ada lembu senior yang sudah ada rumput tumbuh dari tahinya sebelum ini atau gembalanya sudah bawa balik benih rumput bersama lembu. Bagi lembu-lembu yang diimpot ini mesti bersedia untuk beradaptasi untuk terus hidup dan produktif. Kisah lembu ini berbeza dengan kuda yang diimpot dari Argentina, Australia atau England kerana matlamat dan status mereka tidak sama.

Sunday, March 14, 2010

Raptor Watch 2010 MNS at Tanjung Tuan Port Dickson, 13&14 March

1. Tiap tahun ramai akan berkumpul di Tanjung Tuan Port Dickson untuk melihat beribu-ribu burung helang datang dari arah Sumatera merentasi Selat Melaka dan menuju utara ke arah Thailand. Sebahagian dari burung-burung ini akan ke utara Jepun untuk membiak. Perkara ini berulang-ulang sejak beratus tahun dahulu. Apakah ini hanya satu upacara ulangan atau satu kesedaran fenomena semulajadi yang perlu dipelihara.
2. Tahniah kepada MNS (Malayan Nature Society) kerana menganjurkan aktiviti "Raptor Watch" ini pada 13&14 March 2010. Banyak aktiviti pendidikan, perbincangan, pertandingan dan keseronokan diadakan disamping melihat, mengecam dan mengira burung-burung yang merentasi SElat Melaka melalui Tanjung Tuan. Tetapi berapa ramai yang sedar dan menyokong aktiviti ini.
3. Penduduk tempatan sekitar Port Dickson patut menyokong penuh aktiviti ini kerana banyak keuntungan bagi mereka terutamanya dari segi pelancongan. Seluruh dunia beribu pelancong yang meminati burung ini akan datang di Port Dickson dan membuka peluang perniagaan dan kerjaya. Malangnya majoriti sukarelawan MNS adalah dari Kuala Lumpur. Mungkin MNS perlu adakan aktiviti khas di sekitar Port Dickson tentang "Raptor Watch" ini untuk tahun hadapan terutama kepada kanak-kanak sekolah dan pelajar IPT sekitar Port Dickson.

4. Pihak Berkuasa Tempatan (Port Dickson dan Melaka) perlu melihat perkara ini secara serius bukan sahaja untuk pelancongan tetapi juga untuk konservasi. Laluan burung mesti dikenal pasti dan dilindungi agar mereka dapat singgah dan mendapat bekalan tenaga (makanan).
5. Pihak Perhilitan Melaka harus menjadi juara tentang hal ini. Mendidik masyarakat, mengenalpasti laluan burung, tempat mereka singgah dan mendapat sumber tenaga untuk terbang jauh dan persedian untuk membiak.
6. Agensi pelancongan dan hotel mesti menyokong aktiviti ini.
7. Penyelidikan dan kerjasama antarabangsa (Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, Japan)perlu diujudkan segera atau disambung aktiviti dan jaringan yang sedia ada. Rujuklah PAKAR yang betul.

Tuesday, March 9, 2010

Buried alive: Half of Earth's life may lie below land, sea

While astronomers scour the skies for signs of life in outer space, biologists are exploring an enormous living world buried below the surface of the Earth.

Scientists estimate that nearly half the living material on our planet is hidden in or beneath the ocean or in rocks, soil, tree roots, mines, oil wells, lakes and aquifers on the continents.

What marine biologist can do in this Subsurface biosphere research. This is basic sciences with high technology. If you do not have a technology and experts, we can learn through collaboration BUT work with the right collaborators and sent the right scientists.

Read This!! Growing low-oxygen zones in oceans worry scientists

By Les Blumenthal, McClatchy Newspapers Les Blumenthal, Mcclatchy Newspapers – Sun Mar 7, 12:01 pm ET

WASHINGTON — Lower levels of oxygen in the Earth's oceans, particularly off the United States' Pacific Northwest coast, could be another sign of fundamental changes linked to global climate change, scientists say.

They warn that the oceans' complex undersea ecosystems and fragile food chains could be disrupted.

In some spots off Washington state and Oregon , the almost complete absence of oxygen has left piles of Dungeness crab carcasses littering the ocean floor, killed off 25-year-old sea stars, crippled colonies of sea anemones and produced mats of potentially noxious bacteria that thrive in such conditions.

Reuters – A wild dolphin swims in the ocean near Mikura island, 200km south of Tokyo, August 3, 2008

Areas of hypoxia, or low oxygen, have long existed in the deep ocean. These areas — in the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian oceans — appear to be spreading, however, covering more square miles, creeping toward the surface and in some places, such as the Pacific Northwest , encroaching on the continental shelf within sight of the coastline.

"The depletion of oxygen levels in all three oceans is striking," said Gregory Johnson , an oceanographer with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in Seattle .

In some spots, such as off the Southern California coast, oxygen levels have dropped roughly 20 percent over the past 25 years. Elsewhere, scientists say, oxygen levels might have declined by one-third over 50 years.

"The real surprise is how this has become the new norm," said Jack Barth , an oceanography professor at Oregon State University . "We are seeing it year after year."

Barth and others say the changes are consistent with current climate-change models. Previous studies have found that the oceans are becoming more acidic as they absorb more carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases.

"If the Earth continues to warm, the expectation is we will have lower and lower oxygen levels," said Francis Chan , a marine researcher at Oregon State .

As ocean temperatures rise, the warmer water on the surface acts as a cap, which interferes with the natural circulation that normally allows deeper waters that are already oxygen-depleted to reach the surface. It's on the surface where ocean waters are recharged with oxygen from the air.

Commonly, ocean "dead zones" have been linked to agricultural runoff and other pollution coming down major rivers such as the Mississippi or the Columbia . One of the largest of the 400 or so ocean dead zones is in the Gulf of Mexico , near the mouth of the Mississippi .

However, scientists now say that some of these areas, including those off the Northwest, apparently are linked to broader changes in ocean oxygen levels.

The Pacific waters off Washington and Oregon face a double whammy as a result of ocean circulation.

Scientists have long known of a natural low-oxygen zone perched in the deeper water off the Northwest's continental shelf.

During the summer, northerly winds aided by the Earth's rotation drive surface water away from the shore. This action sucks oxygen-poor water to the surface in a process called upwelling.

Though the water that's pulled up from the depths is poor in oxygen, it's rich in nutrients, which fertilize phytoplankton. These microscopic organisms form the bottom of one of the richest ocean food chains in the world. As they die, however, they sink and start to decay. The decaying process uses oxygen, which depletes the oxygen levels even more.

Southerly winds reverse the process in what's known as down-welling.

Changes in the wind and ocean circulation since 2002 have disrupted what had been a delicate balance between upwelling and down-welling. Scientists now are discovering expanding low-oxygen zones near shore.

"It is consistent with models of global warming, but the time frame is too short to know whether it is a trend or a weather phenomenon," Johnson said.

Others were slightly more definitive, quicker to link the lower oxygen levels to global warming rather than to such weather phenomena as El Nino or the Pacific Decadal Oscillation, a shift in the weather that occurs every 20 to 30 years in the northern oceans.

"It's a large disturbance in the ecosystem that could have huge biological changes," said Steve Bograd , an oceanographer at NOAA's Southwest Fisheries Science Center in Southern California .

Bograd has been studying oxygen levels in the California Current, which runs along the West Coast from the Canadian border to Baja California and, some scientists think, eventually could be affected by climate change.

So far, the worst hypoxic zone off the Northwest coast was found in 2006. It covered nearly 1,200 square miles off Newport, Ore. , and according to Barth it was so close to shore you could hit it with a baseball. The zone covered 80 percent of the water column and lasted for an abnormally long four months.

Because of upwelling, some of the most fertile ocean areas in the world are found off Washington and Oregon . Similar upwelling occurs in only three other places, off the coast of Peru and Chile , in an area stretching from northern Africa to Portugal and along the Atlantic coast of South Africa and Namibia .

Scientists are unsure how low oxygen levels will affect the ocean ecosystem. Bottom-dwelling species could be at the greatest risk because they move slowly and might not be able to escape the lower oxygen levels. Most fish can swim out of danger. Some species, however, such as chinook salmon, may have to start swimming at shallower depths than they're used to. Whether the low oxygen zones will change salmon migration routes is unclear.

Some species, such as jellyfish, will like the lower-oxygen water. Jumbo squid, usually found off Mexico and Central America , can survive as oxygen levels decrease and now are found as far north as Alaska .

"It's like an experiment," Chan said. "We are pulling some things out of the food web and we will have to see what happens. But if you pull enough things out, it could have a real impact."

Sometimes too much advance and applied research, we forgot to monitor our daily life requirement. Then we couldn't predict what will happen next.

Sunday, March 7, 2010

Basic and Applied Research

Behavioural studies of storks is very basic and may be not important for many scientists. But when we put together electronic tools then the research become more interesting and some times we can rule out old information. Therefore in Malaysia with high biodiversity and unknown species with very little biology and ecology, all research proposals on basic animals and plants cannot be simply rejected. The panels and grants provider should have an open minded and not too limited to nano and molecular. Why advance professors from develop countries doing research on basic things while we in the country with high biodiversity and untouch biology and ecology do not want to do something basic.

Ko-kurikulum Baik Untuk Pelajar

Sejak 11 tahun lepas ALEPS (Alumni Look East Policy Society) menganjurkan "Japan-Malaysia Martial Arts Demonstration". Aktiviti ini baik bagi menggalakkan pelajar sekolah terlibat dalam aktiviti ko-kurikulum seperti seni mempertahankan diri.

Apa itu Juara Rakyat & Siapa Juara Rakyat

Gambar-gambar Juara rakyat di Sekolah Kebangsaan Kampung Lindungan PJS10/11, 7 Mac2010

Hampir 20 tahun dahulu kita bercakap tentang IT/ICT/K-Ekonomi. Sekarang kita sedang mengalami kesannya dan apakah kesan seterusnya kepada kehidupan kita. Apakah kita terus mampu menghadapinya dengan sendiri atau terus dengan subsidi. Juara Rakyat akan cuba membawa masyarakat menghadapi cabaran masa hadapan dengan jayanya. Tetapi siapa yang sedar hal ini. Apakah sekadar gimik politik, peluang mendapat dana atau semua ikhlas dan faham akan matlamatnya.Apa pun pendidikan itu penting, maka hormatilah, hargailah dan letaklah pendidik ditempat yang sepatutnya.

Saturday, March 6, 2010

Coral conservation by ALL

1. Tourists and divers just look and enjoy corals, do not break them and do not steps on them. Be careful when you turn, your flippers will hit corals.
2. Photographer, just take photos and be careful with flash and bright light.
3. Boating may disturb corals; wave, sediment,may be propeller
4. Too many divers may disturb corals. We should limit divers and regulate them.
5. Development, agriculture, industry, haze, atmospheric pollution may cause surface erosion, atmospheric deposition, chemicals pollution and all these may affect corals.
6. So all of us must help to protect corals as they are habitat to many fishes and source of tourism.
7. More education and volunteers needed to educate pulic on corals conservation,

Thursday, March 4, 2010

Bio-logging Science in Malaysia for Milky Stork Conservation

First bio-logging science activity on birds in Malaysia was started by Prof Dr. Ahmad Ismail from UPM in collaboration with The University of Tokyo and National Polar Research Institute, Japan. The first project was done at Zoo Negara using milky and painted stork. The bio-logging science is a tool and techniques to understand behaviour and ecology of individual animal which very important in understanding ecology, behaviour and physiology for conservation purposes. Bio-logging a recent aspect of conservation science allows researchers to acquire animal-based information i.e. animal behavior and its surrounding habitat, which otherwise is difficult to obtain. Bio-loggers are miniaturized electronic devices (micro data loggers) which are attached to free-living animals for a specific period of time and permit to gather multiple and precious data by recovery of the logger which gets detached after the specified time. Bio-logging study has been conducted primarily on animals like Swim Bladder Fish, Sunfish, Penguins, Waterfowl and Free-ranging sea birds. These bio-loggers were developed at University of Tokyo and were attached on the animals to monitor their movement. Our next study will be on milky stork in cage and later in the wild at Kuala Gula Perak.

Understanding Culture 1 Malaysia Through School

In current urban society, parents are busy with their work and no time to educate their children on understanding and respect multi racial culture in Malaysia. School through their co-curriculum activities try to introduce them from time to time. I believe parents and community should support this kind of activities.

Wednesday, March 3, 2010

Boleh kah gaji permulaan graduan berdasarkan universiti mana graduan mendapat ijazah atau bidang ijazah berkenaan?

Lihat contoh di bawah:

Gaji berdasarkan universiti;

School Name / Starting Median Salary / Mid-Career Median Salary
1. Dartmouth College: $58,200 / $129,000
2. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT): $71,100 / $126,000
3. Harvard University: $60,000 / $126,000
4. Harvey Mudd College: $71,000 / $125,000
5. Stanford University: $67,500 / $124,000
6. Princeton University: $65,000 / $124,000
7. Colgate University: $51,900 / $122,000
8. University of Notre Dame: $55,300 / $121,000
9. Yale University: $56,000 / $120,000
10. University of Pennsylvania: $60,400 / $118,000

Gaji berdasarkan profesyen di AMERIKA;

Undergraduate Degree / Starting Median Salary / Mid-Career Median Salary
1. Aerospace Engineering: $59,600 / $109,000
2. Chemical Engineering: $65,700 / $107,000
3. Computer Engineering: $61,700 / $105,000
4. Electrical Engineering: $60,200 / $102,000
5. Economics: $50,200 / $101,000
6. Physics: $51,100 / $98,800
7. Mechanical Engineering: $58,900 / $98,300
8. Computer Science: $56,400 / $97,400
9. Industrial Engineering: $57,100 / $95,000
10. Environmental Engineering: $53,400 / $94,500