Friday, August 11, 2017

With tame Komodo in captivity. Need more research and conservation programme. More Malaysian needed in wildlife conservation research.

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The Komodo dragon[4] (Varanus komodoensis), also known as the Komodo monitor, is a large species of lizard found in the Indonesian islands of KomodoRincaFloresGili Motang, and Padar.[5] A member of the monitor lizard family Varanidae, it is the largest living species of lizard, growing to a maximum length of 3 metres (10 ft) in rare cases and weighing up to approximately 70 kilograms (150 lb).[5]
Their unusually large size has been attributed to island gigantism, since no other carnivorous animals fill the niche on the islands where they live.[6][7]However, recent research suggests the large size of Komodo dragons may be better understood as representative of a relict population of very large varanid lizards that once lived across Indonesia and Australia, most of which, along with other megafauna,[1] died out after the Pleistocene. Fossils very similar to V. komodoensis have been found in Australia dating to greater than 3.8 million years ago, and its body size remained stable on Flores, one of the handful of Indonesian islands where it is currently found, over the last 900,000 years, "a time marked by major faunal turnovers, extinction of the island's megafauna, and the arrival of early hominids by 880 ka [kiloannums]."[1]
As a result of their size, these lizards dominate the ecosystems in which they live.[8] Komodo dragons hunt and ambush prey including invertebratesbirds, and mammals. It has been claimed that they have a venomous bite; there are two glands in the lower jaw which secrete several toxic proteins. The biological significance of these proteins is disputed, but the glands have been shown to secrete an anticoagulant. Komodo dragon group behaviour in hunting is exceptional in the reptile world. The diet of big Komodo dragons mainly consists of deer, though they also eat considerable amounts of carrion.[5]Komodo dragons also occasionally attack humans.[9]
Mating begins between May and August, and the eggs are laid in September. About 20 eggs are deposited in abandoned megapode nests or in a self-dug nesting hole.[5] The eggs are incubated for seven to eight months, hatching in April, when insects are most plentiful. Young Komodo dragons are vulnerable and therefore dwell in trees, safe from predators and cannibalistic adults. They take 8 to 9 years to mature, and are estimated to live up to 30 years.[5]
Komodo dragons were first recorded by Western scientists in 1910.[10] Their large size and fearsome reputation make them popular zoo exhibits. In the wild, their range has contracted due to human activities, and they are listed as vulnerable by the IUCN.[2] They are protected under Indonesian law, and a national parkKomodo National Park, was founded to aid protection efforts.  From Wikipedia

Why durian now is expensive? tasty, more people like durian? fertiliser?, pesticides, labor? of just expensive? If many people like durian in the world may be we need more technology.

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another collaboration for research in biology.

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Delegates form Biology Dept, Fac of Science UPM in 2nd International Conference in Bioscoences Universitas Pertanian Bogor from 8-9 August 2017.

● knowledge and expertise sharing
● initiating MOA on student and staf exchange
● strengthen the research collaboration

Picture and text from Mus fb

Friday, August 4, 2017

People are starting quoting works on medaka. Do we know that two PhD thesis on Java medaka (Oryzias javanicus) were produced from the Department of Biology Universiti Putra Malaysia?

"While most researchers are concerned with fishes as a food source and their work involves enriching the body of aquaculture knowledge, there are some who are interested in their diversity, distribution patterns, ecology and functional physiology. Recently, there has also been an overwhelming interest in the molecular constitution of fishes (Wong et al., 2011;Pereira et al., 2013;Rakshit et al., 2015Quraishia et al., 2015) and their function as biological indicators to monitor waterbody pollution (Fonge et al., 2011;Khodadoust et al., 2013;Authman et al., 2015). Correspondingly, the interest in fish has expanded exponentially, and the ichthyology discipline is often sought to contribute too many other fields of studies (Padilla and Williams, 2004;Lauder et al., 2007;Feist and Longshaw, 2008;Rudkowska et al., 2010). "

May be this is one way to assess or grading the achievement of academician. How many mappers published, read and cited by others. But who knows. Our leaders just like to listen from others or what people say about some one. They do not look at the true documents.


Five years ago I was thinking to make UPM campus as no motor vehicles and everybody use bicycle and walking on campus. This is part of the green campus initiative. University adopted the ide but not yet fully implemented. In fact UPMM won the KURSI KSN for the green campus initiative. Why I proposed to the university. Because University usually create new ideas and living styles among public and civilise society. I hope one day less smoke and heat on campus and at least practice it if NOT recognise my ideas.

"Inspecting bicycle for "UPM-Coca cola Recycle to Cycle Programme 2012-2014""

Tuesday, August 1, 2017

Something I started to develope in 2014. BUT until now still dreaming. These professors from Belgrade University are working under very tight financial assistance, They work on very basic research in entomology, ecology and limnology. May be we can learn from them. We Malaysian like to follow what others are doing NOT thinking what to adapt to our environment. About time we need to change as a preparation for Developed Country beyond 2010 and TN 50

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It is very expensive to organise activities in Royal Belum. But if many agencies supported and coordinate by NGO or one agency, we can give more education and publicity to the public especially the young generation. PUT it in TN50.

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We need more aggressive action on research and education to protect and conserve Belum Temenggor Forest Complex. Promoting ecotourism at Royal Belum alone is not enough. More money needed and identify right experts and recruiting the young one.

This kind of sponsorship need to be continued and involve the experts so that the messege and quality of education is maintained.

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Workshop for school teachers on Module Ecology at School. When is next. We need to do it regularly in order to promote STEM and and improve Learning and Teaching in schools.

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The opportunity to venture but no followup by the UPM especially. May be we need to have a meeting with all african students and listen to what the need in their country.

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Even though I already retired, I believe that academician should not retired. They should contribute continuously in term of thinking and knowledge at all levels. Therefore Malaysian Academic Association Congress (MAAC) must fight continuously the welfare of the academician from the young one to the retired one. We need an automatic research grants for the active retired professors. May be MAAC should voice this issue.

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